DO YOU KNOW THE FANS OF THE SKY WHO LOVE THE EXTREME? WHO ARE THEY – “ADRENALINE HUNTERS”?
THAT’S RIGHT, THEY ARE PARACHUTISTS. AS SOME OF THEM SAY: “THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF PEOPLE: THOSE, WHO LOVE SKYDIVING AND THOSE, WHO HAVE NEVER TRIED SKYDIVING” PARACHUTING IS NOT JUST A HOBBY, IT IS MORE SERIOUS: IT IS A LIFE, WORK AND VOCATION.
Parachuting is quite a difficult sport. It requires an athlete training and specific knowledge such as aerodynamics of the wing and the air flows. In physical terms, according to experienced parachutists, a parachutist should have endurance of a runner, reaction speed of a basketball player, resistance of a fighter, flexibility and coordination of an acrobat.
Sport parachuting, like other sports, is divided into many kinds and disciplines. Here are some of them:
- Classic parachute (Combined parachute)- an individual type of skydiving.
- Skydiving- as a team.
- Parachute all-around athletic-individual .
- Para-ski- individual
- Skysurfing- artistic individual/team.
- Speedfly- individual
- Freeflying- artistic team.
- Freestyle- artistic individual/ team.
All variations of parachuting are associated with the free fall and gliding (descending and landing) with a parachute. The average speed of a skydiver falling is 180 to 220 km / h. Competitions are held at both individual and team-based level. For example, in group of acrobatics 4 to 16 athletes are involved.
Basically, all kinds of sport parachuting demonstrations are based on how well one can control their body (acrobatics, flying upside down) or team building formations (figures) in free flight. The only exceptions are classic landing, the aim of which is to touch down on a target whose center is 3-5 centimeters in diameter and dome acrobatics- the construction of the figures in the air with parachute canopies. The most dangerous kind of parachuting is considered FreeFlying. Here the freefall is carried out at high speed- up to 300 km / h. In order to do this, an athlete holds his body in a certain position, which reduces the contact area of the air with the body, and thus increases the speed.Parachuting is very popular in Kazakhstan. The Federation of Parachuting operates in the city of Astana. Their main idea and goal is the development of parachuting in Kazakhstan. The Federation was founded in May 2009 by a group of enthusiasts, who planned to bring the parachute sport on a more serious level. Now the Federation stands firmly on its feet. It is composed of former paratroopers, professional athletes and just fans of extreme sports. Internationally qualified instructors train all newcomers. The Federation conducts its own competitions, and actively participates in international tournaments. For those who want to jump with a parachute in Astana there are a few options to choose from. For example, an independent jump. This jump is performed from a height of 800 meters. You are given a parachute with a positive opening, and you receive your ground training. Independent jumping is permitted to persons over 18 years old, or 16 years old with the parental consent and their obligatory presence on the day of the jump.
You can also choose to jump in tandem. Implementation of such a jump is less dependent on one’s physiological characteristics (weight, age, height, etc.). Preparation for it only takes a few minutes. Tandem jump is performed in tandem with an instructor from a height of 3000 meters. As promised by the organizers on their website, “During the jump you get a full range of sensations of free fall (about 30 seconds), and reach the soft landing on a parachute-type “wing”. Jumping in tandem with an instructors one must be at least 14 years old, but, again, with the consent of parents, who must be present on the day of the jump.
In skydiving there are certain restrictions. the weight of the one who is “jumping” must be in the range of 45 to 95 kilograms. People with cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, high or low blood pressure, fainting and seizures, hearing damage, neurological disorders and diabetes are not recommended to jump. The absolute contraindications for diving are kidney disease, psychiatric disorders, brain and body injuries, alcohol or drug intoxication.
*Information is taken from the official websites of the Federation of parachuting and other sources on the Internet.
WE WONDERED WHAT KIND OF FEELINGS BEGINNER SKYDIVERS EXPERIENCE DURING THEIR FIRST TIME. ANTON, WHO MADE HIS FIRST JUMP A YEAR AGO, SAYS THE FOLLOWING:
– Everyone is asking why I do it. Of course, because of the desire to live exciting life! I always try to make my daily life more colourful. A parachute jump is something that will change your life forever, it will never be the same.
To begin with, now I constantly miss the sky. My first jump was from a height of 3000 meters – and that was incredibly scary. But when I decided to have a second jump from a height of 800 meters – the feeling was only positive. Now a strong desire lives in me and I want to experience this incredible adrenaline rush again and again.
As for the emotions during my first jump … Making the most important step out of the aircraft into the sky- it’s like looking your fear in the face and proving to yourself that you never give in to it. The act and sensation associated with it. And it has forever changed my views on many vital values.
Recently, I have made a list of tips for those who want to jump with a parachute:
– If you would like to try, but something interferes, then wait for a better time. But if you dare, never gave in to your fear;
– Relax well before the day of the jump; – Start doing sit-ups a couple of weeks before the jump, because after the jump training the muscles will be sore; – Put on a backpack weighing about 20kg and carry it for a while (the weight of the equipment is a bit more) to get used to the feeling;
– Be sure to practice the exercises such as stepping out from the aircraft and landing (to develop your body’s memory);
– On the day of the jump drink enough water and take some food with you.
– Religiously follow the instructions.